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Choosing Sheet Metal Shearing Device: Guillotine Shearing or Swing Beam Shearing?

Choosing Sheet Metal Shearing Device: Guillotine Shearing or Swing Beam Shearing?

Aug 21,2023
shearing devices
In the world of metal fabrication, precision and efficiency are paramount. When cutting sheet metal, choosing the right sheet metal shearing device is critical to obtaining accurate results. Of the various options available, two popular options are guillotine shear and swing beam shear. In this article, we'll delve into the nuances of both machines to help you make an informed decision for your metalworking needs.

Learn the Basics

Guillotine Shearing

Guillotine shears, also known as lever shears, are a classic and reliable method of cutting sheet metal. How it works is simple: a moving blade descends onto a stationary blade to cut metal. Guillotine shears are known for their precision and are generally good for cutting thicker materials.

Swing Beam Shearing

Swing beam shearing, on the other hand, employs a different mechanism. An oscillating beam with a sharp blade on the bottom moves to shear the metal. This design is especially good for cutting thinner sheets and is known for its versatility.

Factors to Consider

When choosing between guillotine shear and swing beam shear, there are several factors to consider:

Material Thickness

The thickness of the sheet metal you are cutting is a key factor. Guillotine shears excel at handling thicker materials, providing a clean, precise cut. swing beam shearing is better for thinner sheets because it prevents deformation.

Cutting Speed

If your workflow requires high-speed cutting, guillotine shearing may be a better choice. It is known for its fast-cutting capabilities, making it ideal for mass production.


For projects where precision is critical, the guillotine shear's downward motion of the blade ensures precision. swing beam shearing provides good precision, but may not match the precision of a guillotine.


Consider the ease of maintenance. guillotine shears are relatively simple to maintain, while swing beam shears may require more frequent maintenance due to their oscillating mechanism.


Your budget plays an important role in the decision-making process. guillotine shears are often expensive upfront but can be cost-effective in the long run for heavy-duty applications. swing beam shears are more economical.

These factors should guide your decision-making process when selecting the right shear for your specific metalworking needs.

Application Details

Guillotine Shear Application

Heavy Metal Cutting: guillotine shears are excellent at cutting heavy sheet metal. They meet the demands of heavy-duty applications and provide clean, precise cuts even on tough materials.

Thick Plates: If your project involves the use of thick plates, such as those used in structural steel fabrication, guillotine shears are ideal. It ensures your cuts are accurate and not deformed.

High Precision Required: When precision is critical, such as in the production of complex metal parts or mechanical components, the downward movement of the guillotine shear blade ensures that you achieve the required precision.

Swing Beam Shear Application

Thin to Medium Thickness Plates: swing beam shears are versatile and ideal for cutting thin to medium-thickness plates. They are especially useful when you need to prevent material deformation during cutting.

Versatile Cutting Needs: If your job involves many different thicknesses of material, swing beam shears offer flexibility. Its oscillating blade design efficiently handles a wide variety of materials.

Smaller Production Volumes: For projects with smaller production volumes, swing beam shearing can be a cost-effective solution. It enables efficient cutting without the need for heavy machinery.

Make Your Decision

Choosing between guillotine shear and swing beam shear ultimately comes down to your specific needs and priorities. Here are some key points to help with your decision-making process:

- If precision and heavy-duty cutting is your priority, guillotine shears are for you.

- swing beam shears are a solid choice for versatility, cost-effectiveness, and ability to handle thinner materials.

- Always consider your budget, material thickness, and production needs.

In Conclusion

In metal fabrication, the choice of shear can significantly affect the quality and efficiency of your work. Both guillotine shear and swing beam shear have their advantages and are well-suited for specific applications. By considering factors such as material thickness, cutting speed, accuracy, maintenance, and cost, you can make an informed decision about your metalworking needs.

Now that you have gained a valuable understanding of these two sharing options, it's time to choose the option that best suits your requirements and take your metalworking project to the next level. If you still can't decide or you already have an idea to buy a sheet metal shearing device, please contact us.

HENGLI is a professional shearing machine manufacturer. Our company has more than 10 innovation patents and nearly 30 utility creation patents. As one of the national industry standard-setting members, we have core technologies and core products with independent intellectual property rights. The main products are synchronized with the world's advanced technology and are widely used in the pillar industries of the national economy such as automobile manufacturing and parts processing, iron and steel metallurgical processing, electric power, and metal packaging.